Manila: Manila Cathedral

Located at Plaza de Roma, inside the walled city (district) of Intramuros in Manila, Manila Cathedral is currently one of the two Spanish Colonial era churches found in Intramuros. It also serves as the see of the Archbishop of Manila. 

Informally known and called as Manila Cathedral, it is actually named Minor Basilica and Metropolitan Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception. Like what the name suggests, the cathedral is dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary. It was established sometime in 1571 by a secular priest named Juan de Vivero. 
7th cathedral
The 7th Cathedral 1879 - 1945


Church facade
Church facade

Manila Cathedral
NHC Historical marker for Manila Cathedral
Some of the saint statues outside the cathedral are St. Rose of Lima (not in picture), St. Jacob the great (not in photo), St. Andrew the Apostle, St. Francis Xavier, St. Polycarp, St. Anthony Abbot

the altar of the cathedral
Manila Cathedral
Belfry marker

Manila Cathedral
The tympanum with inscriptions at the main door
Manila Cathedral
Church interior


In its centuries of existence, Manila Cathedral has been damaged, destroyed and rebuilt eight times. The first structure was built using nipa, wood, and bamboo. It was destroyed by fire in 1583. The second cathedral was built using stone in 1592 but was destroyed by an earthquake in 1600. The third cathedral was built in 1614 but was destroyed again by an earthquake in 1645 same as the fourth cathedral that was built from 1654 and lasted until 1671 and also the fifth which was built in 1750 and was destroyed by a very strong earthquake in 1863. The sixth cathedral was immediately built but was also destroyed by another earthquake in 1880. During that earthquake, the bell tower was toppled leaving the cathedral "towerless" until 1958. It was the seventh cathedral that broke the "earthquake curse". It was constructed from 1870 to 1879. It survived Mother Nature's wrath for almost 70 years only to succumb to war in 1945. It was reduced to rubble by the intense American bombardment during the Battle of Manila.
Manila Cathedral
Pieta replica

The present cathedral was constructed from 1954 to 1958. Pope Paul VI made an apostolic visit and celebrated mas in the cathedral in 1970 so did Pope Francis during his 2015 Papal visit.

Manila Cathedral
The baptismal font inside the baptistry that is dedicated to St. John the Baptist

stained glass windows
Check out the beautiful stained glass windows 

Manila Cathedral
The pulpit


Manila Cathedral
Statue of St. Peter

Chapel of St. Jude inside Manila Cathedral

To avoid another "earthquake disaster", Manila Cathedral underwent repairs for earthquake retrofitting in 2012 and was finished in 2014. 

An image of Nuestra Senora de la Paz y Buenaviaje

Manila Catheral was one of the destinations that I have visited during my Intramuros Walking Tour. Overall, I would have to say that this cathedral is one of the most beautiful in the Philippines. Hence I suggest that you should not miss visiting it when you are in the vicinity of Intramuros. 


Getting there:


Ratings:  
Pilgrims
Cleanliness
Overall ratings

Comments

  1. Love this history lesson! And wow: five earthquakes!

    I technically "grew up" in Intramuros. We had a view of the Manila Cathedral from the windows of the library in the all-girl school I went to (from Elementary to High School!).

    Thank you for giving me more insight into this beautiful place called Intramuros. :)

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thank you for visiting my blog Coach Aileen.

      I really appreciate your kind comments. =)

      Delete
  2. Such serene visuals, love the pictures especially the old picture of the Cathedral, thanks for sharing such a wonderful post

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  3. These pics made me miss Intramuros

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  4. I love the Manila Cathedral! It's one of the few places in the metro where I bring my friends to. The last time I was there was last May, shortly before I left the Philippines. I showed two Colombian friends around, and they got hooked that we spent 6 hours in Intramuros.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. That was really great to hear Rye. It's really great to see Filipinos promoting the Motherland to foreigners. =) More power to you brother.

      Delete
  5. I always take a picture of Manila Cathedral when Im in Intramuros but never attempted to go inside! This made me want to check out inside. It is always busy when Im there but I’ll be in Intramuros shortly so it’s time to drop by. Thanks for the inspiration!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I'm happy that I provided you with inspiration. I'm excited to see your post about Manila Cathedral someday. =)

      Delete

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